Business Accountants & Advisory Solutions


Accountant working with her laptop

What an accountant does

Certified practising accountants and business accountants can perform bookkeeping tasks, if needed, but usually don’t as they undertake many extra years of study and training compared to a bookkeeper. Hence, they normally charge a higher fee than a bookkeeper and are expected to perform advisory and analytical tasks.

An accountant is focused on offering financial projections and advice on the future finances of your business based on their analysis of financial data or business financials, such as the previous year’s performance of your business.

With the advice of an accountant, you can then expect to make better, informed business decisions.

Other specific services an accountant can provide include:

  • Auditing
  • Analysis of operational costs
  • Business establishment assistance
  • Completing tax returns
  • Corporate reporting and compliance
  • Financial management guidance
  • Preparing and adjusting entries
  • Preparing financial statements
  • Superannuation fund advice
  • Taxation advice and planning

Although this may not be a complete list, the tasks mentioned above indicate the analytical and advisory nature of the accountant role.

Office clerk searching for files

What a Bookkeeper does

At the core of bookkeeping is maintaining the general ledger — a basic document where the bookkeeper records the details of day-to-day financial transactions from the sales and expense receipts. Originally, ledgers were always done on paper, but today, much of this work is computerised, so bookkeepers also do a fair amount of data entry work. Through computerisation using software such as Xero, Quickbooks, MYOB, Netsuite, etc., it is now much easier to perform the tasks needed to update a ledger.

Compared to the role of an accountant, the job of a bookkeeper can be considered simpler, although it’s an essential part of

documenting and safeguarding the financial aspect of your business. The bookkeeper is usually the person who will be assisting you with collating financial records, maintaining general ledgers and recording financial transactions to ensure your business continues to run smoothly.

In general, the bookkeeper is in charge of the following tasks:

  • Balancing and maintaining general ledgers, subsidiaries and historical accounts
  • Calculating goods and services tax (GST)
  • Completing payroll
  • Designing, establishing and reviewing accounting systems
  • Managing the accounts receivable and accounts payable
  • Posting debits and credits
  • Preparing and lodging your business activity statement (BAS)
  • Preparing initial financial statements
  • Processing and maintaining your payroll system
  • Processing and recording invoices, receipts, payments and other financial transactions
  • Reconciling accounts and preparing reconciliation reports

There are several other tasks that a bookkeeper can take on for small businesses. As seen in the functions outlined above, a bookkeeper’s roles are usually related to the ongoing maintenance of your financial records.

Woman giving handshake to financial adviser

So, should you get an accountant or bookkeeper?

Knowing the major differences between the roles of bookkeepers and accountants, it’s quite obvious that both are critical to the growth of your business. A bookkeeper essentially collates a large proportion of the data an accountant needs to make analyses.

So, instead of looking at this as an accountant-versus-bookkeeper kind of situation, it’s important to note that both professionals work together to best serve the financial requirements of your business.

Learn more about our business accounting services and read more Alliance Accounting articles.